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Version: 3.0.0

Service factory

Sometimes when writing components or services, you will encounter the situation that a service has multiple instances. At this time, the service factory (Service Factory) is suitable for this scenario.

for example, our oss component creates multiple oss objects, so you need to leave many instance interfaces when writing. For this scenario, midway abstracted ServiceFactory class.

ServiceFactory is an abstract class, and every service that needs to be implemented needs to be inherited.

Take an http client as an example, we need to prepare a method to create an http client instance, which contains two parts:

    1. Method for creating a client instance
    1. Configuration of Client
// Create client configuration
const config = {
baseUrl: '',
timeout: 1000
};

// Method for creating a client instance
const httpClient = new HTTPClient(config);

Implement a service class

We hope to implement a service factory of the above HTTPClient to create multiple httpClient objects in midway system.

The service factory is also a common export class in midway. As a member of the service, for example, we can also put it in src/service/httpServiceFactory.ts.

1. Implement the interface to create an instance

ServiceFactory is an abstract class for inheritance, which contains a generic type (the instance type created, for example, the following is the HTTPClient type created).

We only need to inherit it, and at the same time, the general service factory is a single case.

import { ServiceFactory } from '@midwayjs/core';
import { Provide, Scope, ScopeEnum } from '@midwayjs/decorator';

@Provide()
@Scope(ScopeEnum.Singleton)
export class HTTPClientServiceFactory extends ServiceFactory<HTTPClient> {
// ...
}

Since it is an abstract class, we need to implement two of these methods.

import { ServiceFactory } from '@midwayjs/core';
import { Provide, Scope, ScopeEnum } from '@midwayjs/decorator';

@Provide()
@Scope(ScopeEnum.Singleton)
export class HTTPClientServiceFactory extends ServiceFactory<HTTPClient> {

// Create a single instance
protected createClient(config: any): any {
return new HTTPClient(config);
}

getName() {
return 'httpClient';
}
}

createClient method is used to pass in a create service configuration (such as httpClient configuration) and return a specific instance, as in the example.

getName method is used to return the name of this service factory to facilitate frame identification and log output.

2. Add configuration and initialization methods

We need to inject a configuration, for example, we use httpClient as the configuration of this service.

// config.default.ts
export const httpClient = {
// ...
}

Then inject it into the service factory. At the same time, we also need to call the method of creating multiple instances during initialization.

import { ServiceFactory } from '@midwayjs/core';
import { Provide, Scope, ScopeEnum } from '@midwayjs/decorator';

@Provide()
@Scope(ScopeEnum.Singleton)
export class HTTPClientServiceFactory extends ServiceFactory<HTTPClient> {

@Config('httpClient')
httpClientConfig;

@Init()
async init() {
await this.initClients(this.httpClientConfig);
}

protected createClient(config: any): any {
// Create an instance
return new HTTPClient(config);
}

getName() {
return 'httpClient';
}
}

initClients method is implemented in the base class. It needs to pass a complete user configuration and call the createClient in a loop to create the object and save it to memory.

Get instance

createClient method only defines the method of creating objects, and we also need to define the structure of the configuration.

The structure of the configuration is divided into several parts:

    1. The default configuration, that is, the configuration in which all objects can be reused
    1. Configuration required by a single instance
    1. Configuration required by multiple instances

Let's explain separately,

Default Configuration

The default configuration, we agreed to default the attribute.

// config.default.ts
export const httpClient = {
default: {
timeout: 3000
}
}

Single instance

Single Configuration

// config.default.ts
export const httpClient = {
default: {
timeout: 3000
},
client: {
baseUrl: ''
}
}

client is used to describe the structure of a single instance. The object is merged with the default when it is created. Use the get method to obtain the default instance.

import { HTTPClientServiceFactory } from './service/httpClientServiceFactory';
import { join } from 'path';

@Provide()
export class UserService {

@Inject()
serviceFactory: HTTPClientServiceFactory;

async invoke() {
const httpClient = this.serviceFactory.get();
}
}

Multiple instances

Use clients to configure multiple instances. Each key is an independent instance configuration.

// config.default.ts
export const httpClient = {
default: {
timeout: 3000
},
clients: {
aaa: {
baseUrl: ''
},
bbb: {
baseUrl: ''
}
}
}

use the key to obtain the instance.

import { HTTPClientServiceFactory } from './service/httpClientServiceFactory';
import { join } from 'path';

@Provide()
export class UserService {

@Inject()
serviceFactory: HTTPClientServiceFactory;

async invoke() {

const aaaInstance = this.serviceFactory.get('aaa');
// ...

const bbbInstance = this.serviceFactory.get('bbb');
// ...

}
}

Dynamically create an instance

Instances can also be obtained dynamically through createInstance methods of the base class.

attention

Note that the createClient used here is not subclass, createClient does not contain and default configuration logic.

import { HTTPClientServiceFactory } from './service/httpClientServiceFactory';
import { join } from 'path';

@Provide()
export class UserService {

@Inject()
serviceFactory: HTTPClientServiceFactory;

async invoke() {

// config.bucket3 and config.default will be merged
let customHttpClient = await this.serviceFactory.createInstance({
baseUrl: 'xxxxx'
}, 'custom');

// After passing the name, you can also get it from the factory.
customHttpClient = this.serviceFactory.get('custom');

}
}

The first parameter of the createInstance method is configuration. If you call dynamically, you can manually pass the parameter. The second parameter is a string name. If the name is passed in, the created instance will be saved in memory and can be obtained from the service factory again later.

Instance configuration merge logic

When the actual code is running, even if it is a single instance, configuring a client will transform the configuration into clients in memory.

For example the following code:

// config.default.ts
export const httpClient = {
client: {
baseUrl: ''
}
}

in memory becomes:

// config.default.ts
export const httpClient = {
clients: {
default: {
baseUrl: ''
}
}
}

There will be an extra default instance called default, and the service factory will be initialized with the configuration of clients.

Default instance proxy (optional)

It will be very cumbersome if the user needs to obtain it through serviceFactory every time they use it. For the most commonly used default instance, a proxy class can be provided to make it proxy all the target instance methods.

import { ServiceFactory, MidwayCommonError, delegateTargetAllPrototypeMethod } from '@midwayjs/core';
import { Provide, Scope, ScopeEnum, Init } from '@midwayjs/decorator';

//...
export class HTTPClientServiceFactory extends ServiceFactory<HTTPClient> {
//...
}

// The following is the default proxy class
@Provide()
@Scope(ScopeEnum. Singleton)
export class HTTPClientService implements HTTPClient {
@Inject()
private serviceFactory: HTTPClientServiceFactory;

// This property is used to hold the actual instance
private instance: HTTPClient;

@Init()
async init() {
// In the initialization phase, get the default instance from the factory
this.instance = this.serviceFactory.get(
this.serviceFactory.getDefaultClientName() || 'default'
);
if (!this. instance) {
throw new MidwayCommonError('http client default instance not found.');
}
}
}

// In the code below, the ts definition for the default instance class is correctly inherited

// eslint-disable-next-line @typescript-eslint/no-empty-interface
export interface HTTPClientService extends HTTPClient {
//empty
}

// The following code, for the implementation of the default instance class can be proxied
delegateTargetAllPrototypeMethod(HTTPClientService, HTTPClient);

With the above code, we can use HTTPClientService directly without getting the default instance from HTTPClientServiceFactory.

delegateTargetAllPrototypeMethod is a utility method provided by Midway to delegate instance methods.

In addition, there are some other available tool methods, listed below:

  • delegateTargetAllPrototypeMethod is used to delegate all prototype methods of the target, including the prototype chain, excluding constructors and internal hidden methods
  • delegateTargetPrototypeMethod is used to delegate all prototype methods of the target, excluding constructors and inner hidden methods
  • delegateTargetMethod specifies the method on the proxy target

Modify the default instance name

By default, the default instance name is default, and the default instance proxy will be proxied internally based on this instance.

If the user does not configure the default instance, or wants to modify the default instance, the user can modify it through configuration.

// config.default.ts
export const httpClient = {
clients: {
default: {
baseUrl: ''
},
default2: {
baseUrl: ''
}
},
defaultClientName: 'default2',
}

In the default instance proxy, this value will be obtained through this.serviceFactory.getDefaultClientName().

import { HTTPClientService } from './service/httpClientServiceFactory';
import { join } from 'path';

@Provide()
export class UserService {

@Inject()
httpClientService: HTTPClientService;

async invoke() {
// this.httpClientService points to default2
}
}