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Version: 3.0.0

Log

Midway provides a unified log access method for different scenarios. The @midwayjs/logger package export method allows you to easily access log systems in different scenarios.

Midway's log system is based on the winston of the community and is now a very popular log library in the community.

The functions realized are:

  • Log classification
  • Automatic cutting by size and time
  • Custom output format
  • Unified error log

Log path and file

Midway creates some default files in the log root directory.

  • midway-core.log logs of printed information of the framework and components, corresponding to the coreLogger.
  • midway-app.log applies the log of printing information, corresponding to the appLogger
  • common-error.log The log of all errors (all logs created by Midway will repeatedly print errors to this file)

The Log Path and Log Level of local development and server deployment are different. For more information, see [Configure Log Root](# Configure the log root directory) and [Default Level](# The default level of the framework).

Default log object

Midway provides three different logs in the framework by default, corresponding to three different behaviors.

LogInterpretationDescriptionCommon use
coreLoggerFramework, component-level logsBy default, the console log and text log midway-core.log are output, and the error log is sent to common-error.log by default.Frames and component errors are generally printed into them.
appLoggerLogs at the business levelThe midway-app.log of the console log and text log is output by default, and the error log is sent to common-error.log by default.The log used by the business. Generally, the business log will be printed in it.
Context Log (Configuration of Multiplexing appLogger)Log of request linkBy default, appLogger is used for output. In addition to sending error logs to common-error.log, context information is added.Modify the label (Label) of log output. Different frameworks have different request labels. For example, under HTTP, routing information will be output.

Use log

Midway's common log usage method.

Context log

The context log is the log associated with the framework context object (Context).

You can obtain the ctx object and then use the ctx.logger object to print and output logs.

For example:

ctx.logger.info("hello world");
ctx.logger.debug('debug info');
ctx.logger.warn('WARNNING!!!!');

// Error log recording will directly record the complete stack information of the error log and output it to the errorLog
// In order to ensure that exceptions can be traced, all exceptions thrown must be of Error type, because only Error type will bring stack information to locate the problem.
ctx.logger.error(new Error('custom error'));

After execution, we can see the log output in two places:

  • The console sees the output.
  • In the midway-app.log file of the log directory

Output result:

2021-07-22 14:50:59,388 INFO 7739 [-/::ffff:127.0.0.1/-/0ms GET /api/get_user] hello world

In the injection form, you can also use @Inject() logger to inject ctx.logger, which is equivalent to calling ctx.logger directly.

For example:

import { Get, Inject, Controller, Provide } from '@midwayjs/decorator';
import { ILogger } from '@midwayjs/logger';

@Controller()
export class HelloController {

@Inject()
logger: ILogger;

@Inject()
ctx;

@Get("/")
async hello() {
// ...

// this.logger === ctx.logger
}
}

App Logger

If we want to do some application-level logging, such as recording some data information during the startup phase, we can do it through App Logger.

import { Configuration, Logger } from '@midwayjs/decorator';
import { ILogger } from '@midwayjs/logger';

@Configuration()
export class MainConfiguration implements ILifeCycle {

@Logger()
logger: ILogger;

async onReady(container: IMidwayContainer): Promise<void> {
this.logger.debug('debug info');
This.logger.info ('startup takes% d ms', Date.now() - start);
this.logger.warn('warning!');

this.logger.error(someErrorObj);
}

}

Note that the @Logger() decorator is used here.

CoreLogger

In research and development at the component or framework level, we will use coreLogger to log.


@Configuration()
export class MainConfiguration implements ILifeCycle {

@Logger('coreLogger')
logger: ILogger;

async onReady(container: IMidwayContainer): Promise<void> {
this.logger.debug('debug info');
This.logger.info ('startup takes% D MS', Date.now() -Start);
this.logger.warn('warning!');

this.logger.error(someErrorObj);
}

}

Output method and format

The log object of Midway inherits the log object of the winston. In general, only four methods are provided: error(), war (), info(), and debug.

An example is as follows.

logger.debug('debug info');
logger.info('startup takes% d ms', Date.now() - start);
logger.warn('warning!');
logger.error(new Error('my error'));

Default output behavior

In most common types, the logstore works well.

For example:

logger.info('hello world'); // Output string
logger.info(123); //Output Number
logger.info(['B', 'c']); // Output array
logger.info(new Set([2, 3, 4])); // Output Set
logger.info(new Map([['key1', 'value1'], ['key2', 'value2']])); // Output Map

Midway has specially customized the Array, Set, and Map types that winston cannot output to enable them to output normally.

However, it should be noted that under normal circumstances, the log object can only pass in one parameter, and its second parameter has other functions.

logger.info('plain error message', 321); // 321 will be ignored

Error output

For the wrong object, Midway has also customized the winston so that it can be easily combined with ordinary text for output.

// Output error object
logger.error(new Error('error instance'));

// Output custom error object
const error = new Error('named error instance');
error.name = 'NamedError';
logger.error(error);

// Text before, plus error instance
logger.info('text before error', new Error('error instance after text'));
attention

Note that the error object can only be placed at the end, and there is only one, and all parameters after it will be ignored.

Format content

The format method based on util.format.

logger.info('%s %d', 'aaa', 222);

Commonly used are

  • The %s string is occupied.
  • %d digit occupancy
  • %j json placeholder

For more information, see the util.format method of Node. js.

Output custom objects or complex types

Based on performance considerations, Midway(winston) only outputs basic types most of the time, so when the output parameter is an advanced object, the user needs to manually convert it to a string that needs to be printed.

The following example will not get the desired result.

const obj = {a: 1};
logger.info(obj); // By default, output [object Object]

You need to manually output what you want to print.

const obj = {a: 1};
logger.info(JSON.stringify(obj)); // formatted text can be output
logger.info(obj.a); // Direct output attribute value
logger.info('%j', a); // Direct placeholder output entire json

Pure output content

In special scenarios, we need to simply output content, and do not want to output timestamps, labels and other format-related information. For this requirement, we can use the write method.

The write method is a very low-level method, and no matter what level of logs are written to the file.

Although the write method is available on every logger, we only provide it in the IMidwayLogger definition, and we hope you can clearly know that you want to call it.

(logger as IMidwayLogger).write('hello world'); // There will only be hello world in the file

Log type definition

By default, users should use the simplest ILogger definition.

import { Provide, Logger } from '@midwayjs/decorator';
import { ILogger } from '@midwayjs/logger';

@Provide()
export class UserService {

@Inject()
logger: ILogger; // Get context log

async getUser() {
this.logger.info('hello user');
}

}

The ILogger definition provides only the simplest debug, info, WARN, and error methods.

In some scenarios, we need more complex definitions, such as modifying log attributes or dynamically adjusting. At this time, we need to use more complex IMidwayLogger definitions.

import { Provide, Logger } from '@midwayjs/decorator';
import { IMidwayLogger } from '@midwayjs/logger';

@Provide()
export class UserService {

@Inject()
logger: IMidwayLogger; // Get context log

async getUser() {
This. Logger. disableConsole(); // Prohibit console output
this.logger.info('hello user'); // This sentence is not visible in the console
This. Logger. enableConsole(); // Turn on console output
this.logger.info('hello user'); // This sentence can be seen in the console
}

}

The definition of the IMidwayLogger can refer to the description in the interface or view the code.

Basic log configuration

We can configure various behaviors of the log in the configuration file.

The log configuration in Midway includes Global Configuration and Single Log Configuration. The two configurations are merged and overwritten.

// src/config/config.default.ts
import { MidwayConfig } from '@midwayjs/core';

export default {
midwayLogger: {
default: {
// ...
},
clients: {
coreLogger: {
// ...
},
appLogger: {
// ...
}
}
},
} as MidwayConfig;

As mentioned above, each object in the clients configuration segment is an independent log configuration item, and its configuration will be merged with the default segment to create a logger instance.

Configure log level

The winston log levels are divided into the following categories, and the log levels decrease in turn (the larger the number, the lower the level):

const levels = {
none: 0
error: 1
trace: 2
warn: 3
info: 4
verbose: 5
debug: 6
silly: 7
all: 8
}

In order to simplify the Midway, we usually use only four levels: error, war, info, and debug.

The log level represents the lowest level that can currently output logs. For example, if your log level is set to WARN, only logs of the WARN and higher error level can be output.

In Midway, different log levels can be configured for different output behaviors.

  • Level Log Level of Text Written
  • consoleLevel the log level output from the console

The default level of the frame

In Midway, it has its own default log level.

  • In the development environment (local,test,unittest), the text and console log levels are unified to info.
  • In the server environment (except for the development environment), to reduce the number of logs, the log level is warn.

Adjust log level

In general, we do not recommend adjusting the global default log level, but adjust the log level of a specific logger, for example:

Adjust coreLogger or appLogger.

// src/config/config.default.ts
import { MidwayConfig } from '@midwayjs/core';

export default {
midwayLogger: {
clients: {
coreLogger: {
level: 'warn',
consoleLevel: 'warn'
// ...
},
appLogger: {
level: 'warn',
consoleLevel: 'warn'
// ...
}
}
},
} as MidwayConfig;

In special scenarios, you can also temporarily adjust the global log level.

// src/config/config.default.ts
import { MidwayConfig } from '@midwayjs/core';

export default {
midwayLogger: {
default: {
level: 'info',
consoleLevel: 'warn'
},
// ...
},
} as MidwayConfig;

Configure the log root directory

By default, Midway outputs logs to the root directory during local development and server deployment.

  • The root directory of the local log is ${app.appDir}/logs/project name.
  • The log root directory of the server is under the user directory ${process.env.HOME}/logs/project_name (Linux/Mac) and ${process.env.USERPROFILE}/logs/project_name (Windows), for example /home/admin/logs/example-app.

We can configure the root directory where the log is located.

// src/config/config.default.ts
import { MidwayConfig } from '@midwayjs/core';

export default {
midwayLogger: {
default: {
dir: '/home/admin/logs',
},
// ...
},
} as MidwayConfig;

Configure log cutting (rotation)

By default, the same log object generates two files.

Take midway-core.log as an example. When the application is started, a midway-core with the timestamp of the day is generated. YYYY-MM files in-DD format and a soft chain file of midway-core.log without timestamp.

Soft chain will not be generated under windows

To facilitate log collection and viewing, the soft chain file always points to the latest log file.

At 00:00 in the morning, a new file of the form midway-core.log.YYYY-MM-DD is generated at the end of the day's log.

At the same time, when a single log file exceeds 200M, it will be automatically cut to generate a new log file.

You can adjust the cutting behavior by configuration.

export default {
midwayLogger: {
default: {
maxSize: '100m',
},
// ...
},
} as MidwayConfig;

Configure log cleanup

By default, the log will exist for 31 days.

This behavior can be adjusted by configuration, such as saving for 3 days instead.

} as MidwayConfig;export default {
midwayLogger: {
default: {
maxFiles: '3d',
},
// ...
},
} as MidwayConfig;

Advanced configuration

If you are not satisfied with the default log object, you can create and modify it yourself.

Add custom log

It can be configured as follows:

export default {
midwayLogger: {
clients: {
abcLogger: {
fileLogName: 'abc.log'
// ...
}
}
// ...
},
} as MidwayConfig;

You can call @Logger('abcLogger') to obtain custom logs.

For more log options, please refer to the LoggerOptions description in the interface.

Configure log output format

The display format refers to the string structure of a single line of text when the log is output. Midway has customized Winston logs and provided some default objects.

For each logger object, you can configure an output format. The display format is a method that returns a string structure with the info object parameter of the Winston.

export default {
midwayLogger: {
clients: {
appLogger: {
format: info => {
return `${info.timestamp} ${info.LEVEL} ${info.pid} ${info.labelText}${info.message}`;
}
// ...
},
customOtherLogger: {
format: info => {
return 'xxxx';
}
}
}
// ...
},
} as MidwayConfig;

The default properties of the info object are as follows:

Attribute NameDescriptionExample
timestampThe timestamp. Default value: 'YYYY-MM-DD HH:mm:ss,SSS.2020-12-30 07:50:10,453
levelLowercase log levelinfo
LEVELUppercase log levelINFO
pidcurrent process pid3847
labelTextAggregate text for labels[abcde]
messageCombination of normal messages + error messages + error stacks1. plain text, such as 123456, hello world
2, error text (error name + stack) error: another test error at object. anonymous (/home/runner/work/midway/packages/logger/test/index.test.ts:224:18)
3, plain text + error text hello world error: another test error at object. anonymous (/home/runner/work/midway/midway/packages/logger/test/index.test.ts:224:18)
stackError stack
originErrorOriginal error objectThe error instance itself
originArgsOriginal user input parameters['a', 'B', 'c']

Get a custom context log

Context logs are typed based on raw log objects. All formats of the original logs are reused. The relationship between them is as follows.

// Pseudocode
const contextLogger = customLogger.createContextLogger(ctx);

@Inject can only inject the default context logs. You can use the ctx.getLogger method to obtain the context logs corresponding to other custom logs. the context log is associated with ctx, and the same key in the same context will obtain the same log object. when ctx is destroyed, the log object will also be recycled.

import { Provide } from '@midwayjs/decorator';
import { IMidwayLogger } from '@midwayjs/logger';
import { Context } from '@midwayjs/koa';

@Provide()
export class UserService {

@Inject()
ctx: Context;

async getUser() {
// The context log object corresponding to the customLogger is obtained here.
const customLogger = this.ctx.getLogger('customLogger');
customLogger.info('hello world');
}

}

Configure the context log output format

Context logs are typed based on the original log object. All formats of the original log are reused. However, you can configure the corresponding context log format of the log object separately.

There are more ctx objects in the info object of the context log. Let's take the context log of the customLogger as an example.

export default {
midwayLogger: {
clients: {
customLogger: {
contextFormat: info => {
const ctx = info.ctx;
return `${info.timestamp} ${info.LEVEL} ${info.pid} [${Date.now() - ctx.startTime}ms ${ctx.method}] ${info.message}`;
}
// ...
}
}
// ...
},
} as MidwayConfig;

Then when you use the context log output, it will default to your format.

ctx.getLogger('customLogger').info('hello world');
// 2021-01-28 11:10:19,334 INFO 9223 [2ms POST] hello world

Note that because App Logger is the default log object for all frameworks, it is relatively special. Some existing frameworks have their context formats configured by default, resulting in invalid configuration in midwayLogger fields.

For this, you need to modify the context log format configuration of a framework separately, please jump to a different framework to view.

  • [Modify the koa context log format](./extensions/koa# Modify Context Log)
  • [Modify the context log format of the egg](./extensions/egg# Modify Context Log)
  • [Modify express context log format](./extensions/express# Modify Context Log)

Log default Transport

Each log contains several default Transport.

NameDefault behaviorDescription
Console TransportOpenFor output to console
File TransportOpenFor output to a text file
Error TransportOpenUsed to output errors to specific error logs
JSON TransportCloseText used to output JSON format

It can be modified through configuration.

Example: Only enable console output

export default {
midwayLogger: {
clients: {
abcLogger: {
enableFile: false
enableError: false
// ...
}
}
// ...
},
} as MidwayConfig;

Example: Disable Console Output

export default {
midwayLogger: {
clients: {
abcLogger: {
enableConsole: false
// ...
}
}
// ...
},
} as MidwayConfig;

Example: Enable text and JSON synchronization and disable error output

export default {
midwayLogger: {
clients: {
abcLogger: {
enableConsole: false
enableFile: true
enableError: false
enableJSON: true
// ...
}
}
// ...
},
} as MidwayConfig;

Custom Transport

The framework provides extended Transport functions, for example, you can write a Transport to transfer logs and upload them to other log libraries.

For example, in the following example, we will transfer the log to another local file.

import { EmptyTransport } from '@midwayjs/logger';

class CustomTransport extends EmptyTransport {
log(info, callback) {
const levelLowerCase = info.level;
if (levelLowerCase === 'error' || levelLowerCase === 'warn') {
writeFileSync(join(logsDir, 'test.log'), info.message);
}
callback();
}
}

We can initialize, add it to logger, or set level for Transport separately.

const customTransport = new CustomTransport({
level: 'warn',
});

logger.add(customTransport);

In this way, the original logger will automatically execute the Transport when printing logs.

All Transport are attached to the original logger instance (not context logger). If ctx data is required, it can be obtained from info. Note that it is empty.

class CustomTransport extends EmptyTransport {
log(info, callback) {
if (info.ctx) {
// ...
} else {
// ...
}
callback();
}
}

We can also use dependency injection to define Transport.

import { EmptyTransport, IMidwayLogger } from '@midwayjs/logger';
import { Provide, Scope, ScopeEnum } from '@midwayjs/decorator';
import { MidwayLoggerService } from '@midwayjs/core';

@Provide()
@Scope(ScopeEnum)
export class CustomTransport extends EmptyTransport {
log(info, callback) {
// ...
callback();
}
}

// src/configuration.ts
@Configuration(/*...*/)
export class AutoConfiguration {

@Inject()
loggerService: MidwayLoggerService;

@Inject()
customTransport: CustomTransport;

async onReady() {
const appLogger = this.loggerService.getLogger('customLogger') as IMidwayLogger;
appLogger.add(this.customTransport);
}
}

Frequently Asked Questions

1. The server environment log is not output

For the server environment, the default log level is warn, that is, logger.warn will print out. please check the "log level" section.

We do not recommend printing too many logs in the server environment, only printing the necessary content, too much log output affects performance, but also affects the rapid positioning problem.

2. The server does not have a console log

Generally speaking, the server console log (console) is closed and will only be output to the file. If there are special requirements, it can be adjusted separately.